I think modern psychology has latched on to the brain as computer model of the brain and do their detriment. It’s an easy thing to fall into. A computer has an operating system, files, and programs. As long as everyone has the same operating system, programs will work seamlessly on any computer you try to run them on. Therapies seem to presuppose this brain uniformity and when one doesn’t have a brain like this they’re left not knowing what to do. For example some therapies try to strengthen one’s positive voice in their inner monologue. But what if they don’t have a positive voice to begin with? Therapies claim to work seamlessly on all brains (at least ones acculturated to western values). But the brain is messy, there is no operating system/programs/files trifecta. I know my experience has been just tearing apart the things therapists tell me, clearly seeing them as false. But for some people believing what makes them feel good is preferable to believing what is factual. But my brain doesn’t play that way, especially because eventually wishful thinking will bite you in the butt. There is some understanding in the psychology profession that therapies aren’t supercultural and that’s a good start. But even within western culture there is such variation from brain to brain.
I actually think the brain is more organized like a regime. Depending on where in the world you go there can be many types of regimes. Democracies, dictatorships, failed states, tribal power sharing arrangements, etc.. sometimes it’s better to work with the patterns of thinking that are already there than try to go full on and try to throw them all out. Just like it’s not a good idea to forcibly change regimes in the Middle East.